Ojo, who disclosed this while speaking on the significance of the Y2022 World Tuberculosis Day, described TB as an infectious disease usually caused by Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Bacteria (MTB) which affects the lungs, noting that it can also affect any part of the body like the bones, skin, cervix, uterus, abdomen, brain, kidney and spine among others.
While informing that symptoms of TB include a chronic cough lasting for three weeks or more, weight loss, extreme fatigue and weakness, loss of appetite, cough with blood, sweating at night among others, Nurse Ojo averred that various precautionary steps to prevent the disease include getting Bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccination at birth, eating nutritiously for strong immunity, maintaining good personal hygiene, avoiding exposure to people with active TB, visiting the doctor for early diagnoses and so on.
Her words, “We have latent TB and active TB, for people with latent TB, it shows no symptoms, it cannot be spread, it can be prevented but can advance to TB disease. For people with active TB, it can come with symptoms, can be spread, can cause death if not treated, but it can, however, be cured”.
She informed that risk factors associated with tuberculosis include smoking, HIV/AIDS, substance abuse, organ transplant, kidney disease and diabetes.
Research, according to her, revealed that tuberculosis is the top infectious disease killer worldwide, noting that the World Health Organisation (WHO) recommends prevention, early diagnoses and treatment services for children and adolescents.
Ojo, therefore, urged members of the public to ensure they cultivate the habit of good ventilation, good personal hygiene by covering the mouth and nose when sneezing and coughing, keeping to doctors’ appointments, taking medications as prescribed by the doctor in order to reduce the spread of the bacteria.