In an unprecedented move, New Zealand-based cooperative Foodstuffs is proposing to integrate facial recognition technology into its North Island stores. The primary objective of this novel system is to compile biometric templates of customers, particularly those with a history of harmful behaviors, thereby establishing a more secure shopping environment.
Privacy and Surveillance Concerns
This initiative, however, has spurred scrutiny from the privacy commissioner and initiated widespread concerns regarding privacy infringement and the looming threat of a surveillance society. The technology has been criticized as invasive, akin to the unconsented collection of DNA data. Dr. Kate Bower, a renowned AI expert from the UTS Human Technology Institute, has expressed her concerns about the potential risks associated with racial bias and the broader implications of biometric data collection by a private entity.
Risks of Inaccurate Identification
She further emphasized the susceptibility of the technology to inaccuracies, especially in the identification of people of color. This perspective was echoed by Māori data ethicist Dr. Karaitiana Taiuru, who pointed out the technology’s imperfections, including disproportionately higher false accusation rates for Māori and Pacific peoples.
Data Storage and Access Queries
Queries regarding data storage, retention, deletion, and access by law enforcement agencies—both domestic and international—have been raised. Despite reassurances from Foodstuffs that images will be immediately deleted unless a crime is committed and that data will not be shared with third parties without a legal mandate, the public is encouraged to voice their concerns before such technologies become commonplace in public spaces.
Protective Measures in Place
The proposed system would exclude minors from its record of offenders, and a third-party evaluation of the trial has been planned to ensure its effectiveness and adherence to privacy standards. While Foodstuffs has made efforts to assuage public concern, the initiative remains a subject of considerable debate and caution.Share on Facebook «||» Share on Twitter «||» Share on Reddit «||» Share on LinkedIn