What Exactly is the Ethereum Merge?

What Exactly is the Ethereum Merge?

The myth about mergers is finally getting over. The long-awaited software is now available to inject energy into the web3 space with a significant win over the environment. Now let’s discuss the merger, its necessity and what will be the future impact of the merger on the crypto and NFT space. Learn How To Choose The Best Bitcoin Exchange Platform if you’re looking for an exchange platform. Learn how to choose the best bitcoin trading platform if you’re looking for an exchange platform.

About Ethereum Merger

To access the web3 applications and make the existence of crypto and NFT projects, the most efficient platform is the Ethereum blockchain. The upgraded version of the Ethereum blockchain is a merge of Ethereum 2.0, ETH 2 or ETH 2.0. The merger helps to reduce the environmental strain, to enhance its security network and it will help the developers to introduce new features to improve the scalability of the chain. Therefore, the combination of Ethereum blockchains with Beacon chain (the separate blockchain created in 2020) is called a merger. 

The execution part of the blockchain network as per the developer’s call is known as the Ethereum mainnet. These execution layers make it possible to make space for applications to live as well as for transaction processes related to those applications. It could be considered an engineering process which makes it possible to access the data transfers on blockchain. The power to execute a transaction is possible upon execution later. The consensus layer in the system is the Beacon chain. As the name suggests, this layer is eligible for the network rules validations of transactions which possibly occurred in the execution layer. As the blockchain is a decentralised public ledger which contains a history of transactions, the transactions that take place in them need to be verified by them. Moreover, to validate the transaction history on the computer system, one should be sure about the transaction on a public ledger and stolen cryptocurrency or NFT not belonging to them. This is the way to govern the blockchain by itself without interfering with any third party. 

Recently Ethereum mainnet was authorised to validate transactions through the Proof of work system. But after merging the Ethereum with Beacon blockchain, the system called Proof of Stake will take place instead of blockchain Proof of Work which is considered to be a big deal.

Proof of work:

Due to Proof of Work, blockchain technology has a less-than-stellar environment reputation. The energy consumed by the Ethereum blockchain equals 317 TWh hours which is squarely equal to the energy consumed between Italy and the United Kingdom. This huge energy consumption is possible only due to the PoW consensus mechanism which is a computation of a complicated energy-intensive process known as “mining”. In mining, nodes are used in the network to cover the entire warehouse. Its function is to solve complex mathematical problems which are based on the cryptographic algorithm. 

Differentiation about Proof of Stake

Proof of stake is less energy intensive as compared to proof of work. It is because PoS does need not nodes in the network to solve the complex programmes as PoW has to do. Moreover, PoS ensure the security of the transaction amount of their cryptocurrency which is chosen by the system as a validator. But it is a must for a drop in energy consumption. 

Matter of merge:

As compared to Bitcoin, Ethereum is an equally popular blockchain globally, with  $190 billion in market cap. Apart from a huge number of NFTs, the decentralised financial system depends upon the blockchain. Dealing with networks means dealing with millions. As proof of stake is beneficial in terms of environmental concern, it also works as a barrier and holds entry to the staking community. On the other hand, crypto mining needs expensive equipment to resolve cryptographic problems. This job can be done even with a single laptop. Therefore to decentralise Ethereum, several people can work as validators. 

Wrapping up

As per the security concern, there are genuine reasons to be sure why Merge will make Ethereum more secure. Although the crypto coin has two sides. Ethereum will make the system much more secure than others but that could have some advantages along with some disadvantages too. For example, choosing a token is an easy process and choosing to participate in consensus is also easy but the easier task is to send these tokens to a suspicious group rather than to send them to a bunch of GPUs.