Understanding The Technology of Night Vision – How It Makes Things Possible

Understanding The Technology of Night Vision – How It Makes Things Possible

Anyone who has ever seen a movie or television show about combat, surveillance, or covert operations is certainly familiar with the pictures seen when using night vision optics. Who can forget the scene in “The Silence of the Lambs” where Jodi Foster is being pursued by her enemy in a dark basement? Or perhaps you’ve used a device and are familiar with the lit graphics on a green screen, but you’re not sure how it all works. How can you see in the dark and why does everything seem to be green?

Explaining Night Vision 

The two forms of night vision optics that are most frequently used are “thermal imaging” and “image enhancement.” To view a picture, image enhancement amplifies tiny quantities of light. Thermal imaging, which is the second kind, displays a picture based on the heat that an item emits. The majority of people are familiar with image enhancement, which is offered commercially and has a characteristic green glow.

To improve images, an image intensifier tube must capture both visible and infrared light. The light is collected by the objective lens, which is the lens that is placed the farthest away from the user’s eye, and is then transmitted to the picture photocathode. The photocathode converts the light’s photons into electrons at that point.

How Night Vision Optic is made

An MCP, or micro-channel plate, is a fibre-optic device used to pace electrons after they have been stripped of their light energy. They eventually come upon a phosphor-coated screen after passing through the MCP. When a person looks through the night vision device’s ocular lens, they may see the green photons that are produced as the electrons impact the phosphorus.

Since the creation of night vision, several generations of night vision technologies have been developed. While the quantity of light required to produce a picture has decreased with each generation, its quality has improved. There are now commercial versions of generations 1 through 3.

Anyone purchasing night vision equipment needs to understand that while generation 2 and 3 optical systems do provide noticeably sharper images at lower light levels, the technological advancements necessary to make these images possible have a cost.

While a low-magnification night vision scope may be purchased for a few hundred dollars, a top-of-the-line third-generation one can easily cost $3,000 or more. What you need the unit for and how much you are ready to pay will determine which one is best for you.

Expect the projected pictures to be better and the amount of light needed to be less as night vision technology advances. Additionally, you should anticipate further price reductions for devices from succeeding generations.


Night vision goggles are typically the first thing that comes to mind when people think about night visibility eyewear. Your hands are free to roam about and perform any necessary tasks because they are worn on your head. Purchasing a set of night vision goggles from www.defendandcarry.com might be a wise decision if you enjoy spending time outside at night whether boating or camping. You won’t have to carry a monocular or a pair of binoculars, so you can use your hands to navigate, pitch a tent, or anything else you need to accomplish.