Nigerian Workers Protest Soaring Living Costs After Petrol Subsidy Removal

On August 2, 2023, Nigerian workers from various sectors took part in a nationwide strike to protest the escalating cost of living following the removal of a petrol subsidy.


The strike was organized by the Nigerian Labour Congress (NLC) and the Trade Union Congress (TUC) after unsuccessful negotiations with the government to extend the subsidy.

Protest in the Capital:

In the capital city of Abuja, around 400 protesters led by NLC President Joe Ajaero and TUC counterpart Festus Osifo marched through the streets, carrying placards and voicing their grievances.

The protesters denounced the low wages, inadequate social amenities, lack of welfare provisions, and rampant poverty.

They presented their petitions at the parliament after storming its gates, and the Senate leaders promised to address their demands.


The presence of armed police and soldiers accompanied the protesters during the demonstration.

Impact on Businesses:

The strike had a significant impact on businesses, with many government offices, banks, and markets remaining closed.

The number of vehicles on the roads decreased as the workers marched towards the city center.

However, the strike’s effect varied across different cities, as some markets and shops remained open in Lagos and other areas.

In the southern states of Abia, Ebonyi, and Cross River, striking workers gathered on major roads and headed to government offices to present their demands.


Government Efforts and Workers’ Demands:

Nigeria, being an oil-rich country, relies heavily on imported petroleum products due to issues with domestic oil refineries.

The petrol subsidy, which covered the difference between import costs and pump prices, was terminated by President Bola Tinubu on May 29.

The unions demanded the reinstatement of the subsidy and urged the government to repair the dysfunctional refineries to reduce fuel imports, which strain foreign reserves and resources.

Continuation of Protests:

Despite President Tinubu’s announcement of measures to alleviate the impact of increased petrol costs, the strikes proceeded as planned.

Tinubu’s proposed measures included the provision of 3,000 buses for states and Abuja to improve transportation and the offering of low-interest loans to small businesses and needy students.



The Nigerian workers’ strike highlighted their discontent with the rising cost of living after the removal of the petrol subsidy.

The protests, organized by NLC and TUC, called for better wages, improved social amenities, and an end to mass poverty.

As the demonstrations continue, the government faces mounting pressure to address the workers’ demands and find a solution to the country’s economic challenges.


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