Law and Gambling: How Gambling is Treated in Different Countries?

Law and Gambling: How Gambling is Treated in Different Countries?

Online casinos have different legal statuses in different countries. In some countries, online casinos are completely banned and illegal, while in other countries they are fully legalized and regulated by law. About 80 countries allow the use of online gambling sites, which are regulated by laws and taxes. Gaming sites are closely monitored by the commissions and the cyber security administration. The functioning of online casinos and sites such as means the fulfillment of all conditions for legal work in relation to local admissions.

Countries where online casinos must be licensed

In 14% of the countries in the world, the government requires local gambling establishments to get a license, while foreign companies are not required to do so. These states include many European countries such as Latvia, Portugal, Estonia, and Norway. In some countries, there are special requirements for citizens engaged in online gambling. For example, in Greece, you can play only from the age of 21, and this requires a special document—a player’s card—through which online payments must be made. In Fiji, you can easily register a gambling establishment, and the amount of taxes is very small, but at the same time, on the territory of the state, access to such casinos is not allowed.

The country guarantees that licensed casinos are reliable, offer fair games to clients, and pay real winnings. You can read this article to find such trustworthy real-money casinos. In cases of disputes between establishments and visitors, the parties can go to court. 

Countries without legislative regulation

In 40% of countries in the world, the legislation regulating online gambling is simply absent, so the principle “what is not prohibited, is allowed” applies. These countries include many South American countries (Chile, Bolivia, Argentina,) and almost all African countries. Some of these countries are quite successful, but most are still poor. The main problem for these countries is that they simply do not have the technical ability to regulate their Internet space. 

There are several examples of countries that have greatly benefited from a lack of regulation. Chile has the most developed gambling infrastructure of any country in the southern hemisphere. Egypt mainly earns from the services of tourists, who leave a lot of money in the casinos. Liechtenstein’s budget is mostly taxed because it is an offshore country with minimal regulation.

How gambling is treated in different countries?


The US has a federal form of organization, and along with other areas, the sphere of online gambling is regulated at the state level. In the US, there are federal laws that regulate legal online casinos. For example, the Internet Gambling Act (UIGEA) prohibits financial institutions from conducting transactions in connection with online casinos. However, this does not mean a complete ban on online casinos, as states have the right to create their own laws regarding gambling.

Online casinos are subjected to strict scrutiny for compliance with rules and regulations. If laws are violated, companies can be fined or even have their gaming license revoked.


Canada has the same system of passing bills as the US: the federal government approves basic decisions, which regional authorities then use to create their own bills. The regulation of the gambling sphere depends on the decision of the regional authorities. Each province has its own laws concerning gambling.

It is important to know that online casino players are not exposed to any legal risk. They can take advantage of all the benefits of online casinos without any problems: receive casino sign-up bonuses, free spins, participate in promotions, etc. Another important fact is that winnings from online gambling are not taxed as long as they are not treated as a full-time job. In other words, if you play at an online casino for recreational purposes, you will not have to pay any taxes on your winnings.

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This country was one of the first in the EU to legalize gambling. Bookmakers and casinos are required to obtain a B2C license permitting one or more types of games:

  1. Games whose outcome is determined by a random number generator (roulette, blackjack, baccarat, pokies, lotteries, and virtual sports games);
  2. games played against casinos, the outcome of which is not randomly generated but determined by the result of an event or competition;
  3. games in which the operator earns income by charging commissions or other fees depending on the bets or prizes( poker, bingo, and others);
  4. managed skill games, such as daily fantasy sports betting.

Great Britain

Many people mistakenly think that the birthplace of gambling is the United States, but it actually originated in Great Britain. The country’s legislation allows all kinds of gambling and is open to Gaming Startups without paying taxes from the players.

In 2023, UK gambling laws require betting platforms to be licensed by the UKGC, with the exception of certain types of lotteries. Cyber sports betting is not mentioned separately in any UK law and is regulated by the same rules as regular sports betting. Pokies and casinos are divided into seven categories and are regulated by the general regulations of the UKGC. Thus, all online casinos operating in the UK must comply with a set of strict requirements that include player data protection, anti-fraud, and the prevention of gambling addiction problems.


French gambling laws are designed in an unusual way. All forms of gambling are illegal by default, with a few exceptions. Players are not prosecuted; market-control authorities block the sites and applications of the largest offshore casinos. Among all EU countries, France has the highest taxes on operators. The licensing regime was established in 2010. Parliament has given formal approval to privatize the state operator of the national lottery.

French online gambling is legal in such areas as:

  • sports betting;
  • betting on horse racing;
  • poker;
  • state bingo;
  • state lottery.


Sports betting, horse racing betting, poker,  bingo, and the lottery are regulated. Licenses for casino activities are available to private operators. Danish online gambling was legalized in 2012. This jurisdiction takes measures to block illegal gambling sites. The Danish gambling regulator has received judicial permission to block operators and suppliers that target Danish users without the necessary license.


A gambler’s paradise is Monaco, where all kinds of games are allowed (you can play from 18 years of age). However, this entire industry is aimed exclusively at tourists, and gambling establishments are prohibited from providing access to local residents (as well as military personnel, clergymen, and people under the influence of alcohol or drugs). The gambling business in Monaco is regulated by the Gambling Commission. It should be noted that the online gambling business in the country is not regulated; they do not issue licenses for it.


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