Bulgarian Fraudsters Sentenced in UK’s Largest Ever Benefit Scam, Costing Taxpayers £54 Million

Bulgarian Fraudsters Sentenced in UK’s Largest Ever Benefit Scam, Costing Taxpayers £54 Million

Five Bulgarian nationals were sentenced to more than 25 years in total for their roles in orchestrating the largest benefit fraud in UK history, totaling £54 million.

The Eastern European gang exploited the Universal Credit system by hijacking 6,000 identities, including those of children residing in Bulgaria.

They operated a sophisticated network over five years, setting up three ‘benefit factories’ in London to produce counterfeit documents necessary to deceive the Department of Work and Pensions (DWP).

The Scheme’s Execution

The gang, led by 38-year-old Galina Nikolova, devised an elaborate operation that included creating fake tenancy agreements, counterfeit payslips, and forged letters from landlords, employers, and GPs.

They employed burner phones, lowered to customers using a bucket pulley system, to facilitate the scam.

Their ill-gotten gains were laundered through numerous bank accounts before being withdrawn in cash, with £750,000 in banknotes discovered in suitcases at one of their residences.

Lifestyle of Deception

Despite their criminal activities, the fraudsters led seemingly normal lives. They often posted pictures on social media, showcasing themselves smiling behind the counter of Antonia’s Foods supermarket in Wood Green.

Investigations revealed a lavish lifestyle funded by their crimes, with shopping bags filled with designer goods, Rolex watches, and large sums of cash found during police raids.

Nikolova and her boyfriend, Stoyan Stoyanov, frequently flaunted their wealth, with Stoyanov even tattooing Nikolova’s face on his arm.

The Legal Proceedings

At Wood Green Crown Court, Judge David Aaronberg, KC, described the fraud as being conducted on an ‘industrial scale’.

He highlighted messages sent between the gang members that mocked the DWP’s gullibility in processing fraudulent claims. Judge Aaronberg sentenced Nikolova to eight years in prison, noting her personal responsibility for at least £25 million in losses to UK taxpayers.

Stoyanov received a four-year sentence, while Gyunesh Ali, who played a leading role, was jailed for seven years and three months. Ali was also ordered to be deported to Bulgaria after serving his sentence.

The Sentencing of Co-Conspirators

Tsvetka Todorova and Patritsia Paneva also faced the court’s judgment. Paneva was sentenced to three years and two months, with the judge acknowledging her ‘impressionable and naive’ nature but commending her bravery for being the first to plead guilty.

Todorova, sentenced to three years, had already served her time on remand and was released on license. She was visibly relieved to walk free from court, wearing a pink blazer.

The Scam’s Details

Prosecutor Tom Little KC detailed how the gang used forged letters from local schools to falsely claim higher benefits for children who either did not exist or lived in Bulgaria.

Some claimants never even traveled to the UK, while others only visited briefly to support their false claims.

The gang’s meticulous planning extended to photoshopping images to make it appear as though claimants had physical access to properties they were purportedly renting.

Government Response

Mel Stride MP, Secretary of State for the Department for Work and Pensions, praised the collaborative efforts of DWP investigators and the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) in dismantling the organized crime group.

He emphasized the government’s commitment to protecting taxpayers’ money and bringing fraudsters to justice. The DWP and CPS are now pursuing confiscation proceedings to reclaim any criminal benefits from the defendants.

The Bigger Picture

This case underscores the scale of benefit fraud in the UK, which peaked at £8.6 billion between 2021 and 2022. It highlights the need for stringent measures and vigilant enforcement to prevent such large-scale exploitation of public funds.

The sentences handed down in this case serve as a stark reminder to those contemplating similar crimes: benefit fraud will be met with severe consequences.


The conviction of these five Bulgarian fraudsters marks a significant victory in the fight against benefit fraud.

It demonstrates the effectiveness of international cooperation and the resolve of UK authorities to protect the integrity of the welfare system.

As the DWP and CPS continue their efforts to recover stolen funds, this case stands as a testament to the importance of upholding justice and safeguarding public resources.

TDPel Media

This article was published on TDPel Media. Thanks for reading!

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