Far-right populist Geert Wilders, the leader of the Party for Freedom (PVV), secured a significant victory in the Netherlands’ recent general election, winning 37 seats.
This success has sent shockwaves not only through the nation but also across Europe. This article examines the rise of far-right parties in various European countries.
Geert Wilders’ ‘Monster Victory’ in the Netherlands
Geert Wilders, often dubbed the ‘Dutch Trump,’ led the PVV to a ‘monster victory’ in the Netherlands, securing 37 seats in the recent general election. Running on an anti-immigration and anti-Islam platform, Wilders’ success positions him favorably for upcoming coalition talks, despite alienating many other political parties with his harsh rhetoric.
Italy: Brothers of Italy and Rising Neo-Fascist Ties
In Italy, Giorgia Meloni’s Brothers of Italy party, accused of neo-fascist policies, won power in late 2022. Meloni’s hardline views on immigration and homosexuality have defined her leadership, prompting measures such as detaining migrants for up to 18 months and constructing new centers. The party’s alleged Nazi links raise concerns about the direction of Italian politics.
Hungary: Viktor Orban’s Continued Dominance
Viktor Orban’s Fidesz party in Hungary won its fourth consecutive term, running on a euro-skeptic and anti-immigration platform. Orban’s government faces accusations of silencing media, using surveillance tools against opponents, and manipulating the judiciary, illustrating a challenging political landscape.
France: Le Pen’s National Rally on the Horizon
Marine Le Pen’s National Rally (NR) in France is poised to inherit power in the 2027 general elections. Le Pen’s anti-immigration stance aligns with the growing sentiment in France, where 66% of citizens view immigration from outside Europe as a danger.
NR’s controversial statements and actions have stirred debates about the party’s approach to diversity.
Germany: AfD’s Surge in State Elections
Alternative for Germany (AfD) gained momentum in recent state elections, winning its biggest share of votes in Hesse. AfD’s anti-Islam and anti-immigration policies align with its founder Alexander Gauland’s commitment to fight an ‘invasion of foreigners.’ The party faces scrutiny for alleged Nazi ties, with a newly elected lawmaker suspended for owning Nazi symbols.
Greece: Entry of Far-Right Parties Into Parliament
In Greece, two far-right parties, Spartans and Niki, entered the Hellenic Parliament for the first time. The Spartans party, linked to Golden Dawn’s neo-Nazi origins, raises concerns about extremist influence. Niki, an ultra-Orthodox party, advocates anti-abortion and anti-LGBTQ policies, presenting a unique challenge in Greece’s political landscape.
Sweden: Sweden Democrats’ Impact on Government Formation
The Sweden Democrats played a key role in the formation of the government, striking a deal with the Moderate party in 2022. The concessions granted to the far-right party included tax cuts, nuclear power plant construction, benefit caps, and immigration rule tightening. This highlights the growing influence of fringe parties in shaping policy agendas.
Switzerland: SVP’s Anti-Immigration Success
Switzerland’s Swiss People’s Party (SVP) achieved a notable success in the recent elections, winning nine additional seats. Running on an anti-immigration campaign, the SVP pledged to keep Switzerland’s population below 10 million. The party tapped into anti-immigration sentiment, despite a surge in asylum applications and the acceptance of Ukrainian refugees.
Austria: Freedom Party’s Growing Influence and Controversies
Austria’s Freedom Party (FP), led by Herbert Kickl, has consistently expanded its voting share and is poised to win next year’s elections. The FP’s anti-immigration focus includes pledges to preserve Austrian culture. Controversies, such as sharing a video below Hitler’s balcony, highlight the party’s extreme positions and alleged ties to Russia.
The far-right surge across Europe signifies a broader trend that demands attention and analysis as these parties gain influence in various political landscapes.Share on Facebook «||» Share on Twitter «||» Share on Reddit «||» Share on LinkedIn