Can South Africa Afford Basic Income? R20 SASSA SRD Increase Ignites Debate on Long-Term Solutions

Finance Minister Enoch Godongwana’s announcement of a R20 increase to SASSA SRD grants this week has stirred up controversy, with one NGO coalition labeling it as ‘an insult’.

The move marks the first-ever hike for Social Relief of Distress (SRD) grants by the South African Social Security Agency (SASSA).

Questionable Timing and Motives

Critics have raised questions about the timing and motives behind the R20 increase, particularly with the 2024 General Elections looming.

The Bureau for Economic Research (BER) has questioned why the announcement was made so late in the proceedings at the National Assembly, suggesting that it would have been more logical to announce it during February’s budget speech.

Scrutiny Over the R20 Increase

The decision to increase the SASSA SRD grant by R20 has also come under scrutiny.

Many are questioning why only R20 and why an increase at all, especially considering that the grant has remained stagnant for the past four years.

If the intention was to adjust for inflation, critics argue that the increase falls far short of what is necessary.

Additionally, despite the seemingly small increase, it is estimated to cost the country approximately R2.2 billion this financial year.

Challenges in Keeping Promises

The reality of the R20 increase to SASSA SRD grants reflects the challenges faced in fulfilling President Ramaphosa’s promise of ‘an expanded and enhanced’ basic income grant.

With limited funds available and a significant portion of taxpayer money allocated to debt repayment, meeting such promises becomes increasingly difficult for the National Treasury.

Criticism from the Universal Basic Income Coalition

A coalition comprising various entities, known as the Universal Basic Income Coalition, has strongly criticized the R20 increase.

They view it as a stark contrast to the promise of an improved grant, labeling it as ’empty political opportunism’ ahead of the elections, particularly considering the persistent food insecurity faced by millions.

Deliberate Exclusions and Insufficient Coverage

Moreover, concerns have been raised about deliberate exclusions from SASSA SRD grants, with only a fraction of applicants receiving assistance despite a much larger pool of applicants.

The coalition highlights that the R20 increase is insufficient to cover even the minimum energy intake for individuals, indicating a disconnect between the increase and the rising cost of living.


The controversy surrounding the R20 increase to SASSA SRD grants underscores the complexities of social welfare policy and the challenges of meeting promises in the face of limited resources.

As debates continue, it remains crucial to address the needs of vulnerable populations and ensure that welfare programs effectively alleviate poverty and support those in need.

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