WAEC Government Essay Objective Questions 2021
Answer only Four questions in the section.
Write your answers in the answer booklet provided.
1. (a) What is Political Socialization?
Political socialization is the process of acquisition and transmission of political knowledge and value by individuals from one generation to another.
(b) i. It involves the transmission of values and beliefs of the political culture by one generation to the next.
ii. Political Culture is maintained and changed through political socialisation. The values, beliefs and orientations towards political objects and actions are transmitted as well as changed by this process.
iii. Political Socialisation is a lifelong learning process but its pace and role keeps on changing from time to time. The process goes on continuously throughout the life of the individual.
iv. Political Socialisation provides the necessary knowledge and incentive for individual’s participation in politics. Politically socialised individuals come forward to accept different roles in the political system.
v. In nature, Political Socialisation is similar to, in fact, a part of the process of socialisation which is always at work in every society.
2. (a) Explain the concept of political participation.
(b) Highlight any four methods of political participation.
3. Define Public Corporation.
(a) A public corporation may be defined as a business organisation established, owned, managed and financed with tax payers money by government of a country with the main motive of making profit but to render essential services to members of the public.
(b) i. Financial Control: The accounts of public corporations are audited from time to time by government Auditors and a copy of the Auditors’ report is submitted to the Minister which he presents to the parliament and this prevents financial mismanagement.
ii. Judicial Control: As a legal entity which can sue and be sued, a public corporation can be dragged to court if it fails to act within the limits set by the law that established it and its action declared ultra vires.
iii. Ministerial Control: Ministers that are answerable to the parliament are given extensive power over public corporations. These include powers to appoint and dismiss members of Board of Directors, determination of remunerations, conditions of service, approving all loans and major expenditures etc.
iv. Public Control: Members of the public who consume goods and services of the public corporations exercise some form of control through criticisms they level against these corporations.
4. (a) Highlight any four major objectives of the foreign policy of any one West African Country.
(b) Outline any four ways of preventing military intervention in politics.
5. Highlight five reasons for the slow rate of nationalism in French speaking West Africa.
6. i. Shortage of fund: The involvement of this organization in large scale operation affects its financial resources. This has created over time,shortage of funds.
ii. Sovereignty of nation: The U.N.O cannot effectively enforce its decision because member states are not ready to surrender their sovereignty to the authority of the organization.
iii. The veto power: Each of the five permanent members of the security council has a veto power. This could be used at times to satisfy their selfish interest at the expense of fulfilling the objectives of the organization.
iv. Poverty: The inability of the united nation to effectively address the issue of poverty among member states.
v. Difference in ideology: There difference in ideology, culture, politics and methods used in pursuing economic goal. This may negate the evolution of lasting peace in the world.
7. (a) Highlight four features of the 1979 Republican Constitution.
(b) State two ways by which the President could be removed from office according to the Constitution.
8. (a) i. National party of Nigeria (NDN) – Alhaji Shehu Shagari
ii. The Unity Party of Nigeria (UPN) – Chief Obafemi Awolowo
iii. The Great Nigeria People’s Party (GNPP) – Waziri Ibrahim
(b) i. Since independence, political party have showed that they are loyal to the electorate during campaign and would serve their Interest of vote to power
ii. They usually organize membership to reach all corners of the country
iii. They have showed that their main objectives are to contests election,win and grow the country by all means.
9. i. The constitution is not a product of any constitutional conference; It was hurriedly prepared by the outgoing military government of General Abdulsalam Abubakar. Thus, many Nigerians continue to criticize it and see it more as a military constitution than the civilian constitution.
ii. The constitution fails to define the roles of the traditional rulers in government. And The recognition of the Sharia courts contravenes the description of the country as being SECULAR.
iii. The constitution is not clear on the functions and creation of the local governments; This makes local governments to be at the mercy of the other governments. Then, this issue of creation of more local governments has been a major source of conflict between states and federal governments. A classical example was Lagos vs Federal Government during Obasanjo’s administration.
10. (a) i. The village was the highest unit of administration.
ii. Existence of village assembly (Oha-na-eze/Umunna).
iii. The village priest/ diviner wielded great deal of religious and judicial powers.
WAEC Possible Questions and Answers on Government
The WAEC government likely questions most time comes from the past questions. So, I recommend you read the questions below carefully to enable you see how WASSCE Government exam looks like.
(1). Power is distinct from influence in that it is
A. persuasive, whereas influence, is directive.
B. coercive, whereas influence is detrimental.
D. arrogant while influence is corruptive
C. coercive while influence is persuasive
D. arrogant while influence is corruptive
(2). A legislature’s standing committee is one that
A. has members who stand while deliberating and
B. has statutory responsibilities.
C. that has legislators as members
D. that performs ad hoc functions
(3). Where the constitution is supreme, the courts can check unconstitutional acts of the executive and legislature through
B. judicial review,
C. vote of no confidence, and
(4). A confederation’s central decision-making organ is made up of
A. technocrats appointed by the units.
B. politicians elected from confederal constituencies
C. politicians nominated by member states’ governments
D. pressure group representatives
(5). Which of the following statements about parliamentary government is correct?
A. a clear division of government functions.
B. the bicameral legislature’s strict operation.
(6). Authoritarianism is characterized by
D. decentralized government.
(7). According to Karl Marx, the central point of capitalism is that:
A. capitalist profit is the surplus value derived from workers’ labor;
B. workers are inherently incapable of owning their labor;
C. capitalists must always increase worker earning capacity through wages; and
D. capitalists must always readily consent to workers’ welfare demands.
(8).____ is a constitution that requires a plebiscite or referendum to be amended.
(9). One of the most important functions of a constitution is to protect citizens.
A. establish a framework for studying government.
B. promotes the cross-pollination of governance ideas
C. is the source of all authority in the exercise of power.
D. encourages citizens to get involved in government and administration.
10. When the executive vetoes a bill passed by the legislature, it emphasizes the principle.
A. probity and accountability
B. Separation of powers
C. collective responsibility
D. checks and balances
11. A bill is passed during the legislative process.
A motion has been accepted for discussion.
B. motion was defeated after a lengthy debate.
C. a bill in front of the legislature
D. legislation enacted by the legislature.
(12). One of the benefits of a bicameral legislature over a unicameral legislature is that it allows for more debate.
A. is inexpensive to maintain
B. works to promote social equality.
C. Bills are passed in a shorter amount of time.
D. prevents the passage of ill-advised legislation.
Citizens’ fundamental rights include the right to vote.
A. free education, employment, and expression
B. living, speaking and associating
C. the right to life, liberty, and property
D. social security, property, and association.
(14). Manipulation of constituency boundaries to gain more seats is known as
(15). The cost of a multi-party system is one argument against it.
A. incitement to dissent and instability
B. the prohibition of interest groups
C. inability to secure international assistance
D. the exorbitant cost of holding elections.
(16). Associational interest groups are formed the Promote members’ interests
B. Specifically lobby the government
C. Assist the government
D. Achieve goals that affect other organizations
(17). A majority view is one tisd by the majority,
B. active in the public sphere,
C. widely publicized, and
D. no longer ais secret.
(18). Civil servants’ political neutrality entails that they are politically apolitical.
A. are not permitted to participate in any organizations or groups.
B. do not interact with politicians
C. are not permitted to participate in partisan politics.
D. is not permitted to vote.
Making the civil service permanent, neutral, and anonymous is a good idea.
A. Increase administrative efficiency
B. Ensure that there is a high level of loyalty and support.
C. Prevent government opposition
D. Create a functioning elite of civil servants.
20. The Sokoto caliphate’s western zone was administered from
C. Bida, and
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