The Tyre levy was implemented on 1 October 2016 at a rate of R2.30/kg due to the disposal of tyres that are littering the environment.
The levy is calculated on the nett mass of the tyre.
The Plastic bag levy was introduced in June 2004, at a rate of 3 cents a bag on some types of plastic shopping bags, with the aim of reducing littering and encouraging plastic bag reuse.
The levy was increased to 4 cents a bag from 1 April 2009, 6 cents a bag from 1 April 2013, 8 cents a bag from 1 April 2016, 12 cents a bag from 1 April 2018 and further increased to 25 cents a bag from 1 April 2020.
The Carbon Tax (CBT) is a new tax in response to climate change, which is aimed at reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in a sustainable, cost-effective and affordable manner.
Carbon Tax gives effect to the polluter-pays-principle and helps to ensure that firms and consumers take the negative adverse costs (externalities) of climate change into account in their future production, consumption and investment decisions.
The first phase has a carbon tax rate of R120 per ton of carbon dioxide equivalent emissions. This rate will increase annually by inflation plus 2 per cent until 2022, and annually by inflation thereafter.
Significant industry-specific tax-free emissions allowances ranging from 60% to 95% will result in a modest nett carbon tax rate ranging from R6 to R48 per ton of carbon dioxide equivalent emissions to provide current emitters time to transition their operations to cleaner technologies through investments in energy efficiency, renewables, and other low-carbon measures