The draft text provides for self-determination of gender so a person can change one’s name and sex on the DNI just by presenting a declaration, without the need for providing medical reports or proof of having started hormone treatments – which current law requires.
The legal change of sex can be requested beginning at the age of 12, with judicial authorization. For those 14 to 16 years old, it can be requested with the consent of parents or legal representatives; after 16 years of age, the person can go to the civil registry office alone and request the change, without the need for anyone to certify the change.
This law also prohibits conversion therapy, punishable by fines of up to 150,000 euros.
Fines range between 200 to 2,000 euros for minor infractions, such as offending people for their gender identity; fines between 2,001 and 10,000 euros would exist for serious offenses such as a website provider not removing offensive expressions.
Fines ranging between 10,001 and 150,000 euros would be enforced for the most serious infractions, such as using or disseminating textbooks and materials in schools “that present people as superior or inferior in human dignity based on their orientation and sexual identity, expression of gender or sexual characteristics.”