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Costa Rica, a rugged, rainforested Central American country with coastlines on the Caribbean and Pacific, celebrates 72 years of having no military arm in the country. The official annual date of the celebration is December 1st, but it’s been celebrated today November 30, 2020 this year.
On December 1, 1948, Costa Rica abolished its military force. In 1949, the abolition of the military was introduced in Article 12 of the Costa Rican Constitution. The budget previously dedicated to the military is now dedicated to health care services and education.
Costa Rica is known for its stable democracy, progressive social policies, such as free, compulsory public education, high social well-being, and emphasis on environmental protection.
President Carlos Alvarado called Costa Rica’s demilitarization
one of the most politically relevant decisions of our nearly 200 years of republican existence, and an essential part of our national identity.
President Figueres transferred control of the military barracks to the University of Costa Rica. Today, the building houses the National Museum of the country.