...By Henry George for TDPel Media.
The fields of deep learning and artificial intelligence (AI) are continually evolving with new technologies emerging constantly.
Among the five most promising emerging trends in this area are federated learning, GANs, XAI, reinforcement learning, and transfer learning.
These new technologies have the potential to revolutionize various applications of machine learning, from image recognition to game playing, and offer exciting new opportunities for researchers and developers alike.
Federated learning is a machine learning approach that allows multiple devices to collaborate on a single model without sharing their data with a central server.
This approach is particularly useful in situations where data privacy is a concern.
For example, Google has used federated learning to improve the accuracy of its predictive text keyboard without compromising users’ privacy.
In typical machine learning models, centralized data sources are used, which necessitates user data sharing with a central server.
This strategy can generate privacy problems since users may feel uneasy with their data being collected and stored on a single server.
Federated learning solves this problem by training models on data that stays on users’ devices, preventing data from ever being sent to a central server.
Additionally, since the training data remained on users’ devices, there was no need to send huge volumes of data to a centralized server, which decreased the system’s computing and storage needs.
Generative adversarial networks (GANs)
Generative adversarial networks (GANs) are a type of neural network that can be used to generate new, realistic data based on existing data.
For example, GANs have been used to generate realistic images of people, animals, and even landscapes.
GANs work by pitting two neural networks against each other, with one network generating fake data and the other network trying to detect whether the data is real or fake.
Explainable AI (XAI)
Explainable AI (XAI) is an approach to AI that aims to increase the transparency and comprehension of machine learning models.
XAI is crucial because it can guarantee that AI systems make impartial, fair decisions.
For instance, in a scenario where a financial organization uses machine learning algorithms to forecast the likelihood that a loan applicant will default on their loan, the algorithm could explain its choice using XAI.
This transparency and explainability can help increase trust in AI systems, improve accountability, and ultimately lead to better decision-making.
Reinforcement learning is a type of machine learning that involves teaching agents to learn via criticism and incentives.
Many applications, including robotics, gaming, and even banking, have made use of this strategy.
For example, DeepMind’s AlphaGo used this approach to continually improve its gameplay and eventually defeat top human Go players, demonstrating the effectiveness of reinforcement learning in complex decision-making tasks.
Transfer learning is a machine learning strategy that involves applying previously trained models to address brand-new issues.
This method is especially helpful when there is little data available for a new problem.
Researchers have used transfer learning to adapt image recognition models developed for a particular type of picture (such as faces) to a different sort of image, such as animals.
This approach allows for the reuse of the learned features, weights, and biases of the pre-trained model in the new task, which can significantly improve the performance of the model and reduce the amount of data needed for training.
Deep learning and AI are rapidly evolving fields with emerging trends that offer exciting new opportunities for researchers and developers.
The five trends discussed in this article are federated learning, GANs, XAI, reinforcement learning, and transfer learning.
These technologies can revolutionize machine learning applications, from image recognition to complex decision-making tasks.