2021 WAEC GCE Government Questions And Answers

2021 WAEC GCE Government Questions And Answers

2021 WAEC GCE Government Questions And Answers




2a) Judicial independence is the concept that the judiciary should be independent from the other branches of government. That is, courts should not be subject to improper influence from the other branches of government or from private or partisan interests

2 (b)

2b) 1 -To Give Justice to the people:

The first and foremost function of the judiciary is to give justice to the people, whenever they may approach it. It awards punishment to those who after trial are found guilty of violating the laws of the state or the rights of the people.

2. Interpretation and Application of Laws:

One of the major functions of the judiciary is to interpret and apply laws to specific cases. In the course of deciding the disputes that come before it, the judges interpret and apply laws.

3- Due to its power of judicial review, it plays an essential role in ensuring that each branch of government recognizes the limits of its own power

4- it protects civil rights and liberties by striking down laws that violate the Constitution

Free press: This is the situation where by the press has the opportunity to freely express its opinion and views on national issues.

(i)Information: this includes all reports, news and happenings concerning the daily life of a state. It does not include any information involving or concerning the pursuit of leisure. But it does cover all news, regarding government, politics, foreign affairs, weather, accident, business, labour, education etc.

(ii)Influence: It means influencing the opinion of the readers through editorials, articles, or certain special features. It also includes editorials, cartoons and comments made on the news and events by the journalists or the editors.

(iii)Entertainment: The other important role of the press is entertainment of the readers. Under this role all types of fiction like comic strips, stories etc. can be included. It also includes the factual material, sports news, theatre reviews and hobby columns which deal with leisure.

(iv)Advertising: This role of the press can very easily be recognised, because it is commercially oriented. Sometimes, the advertisements also have public service messages under the prestigious advertisements regarding family planning, driving safely, child care, healthcare etc.



(i)No opposition: since only one political party is legally and constitutionally allowed to operate, gives no room for opposition

(ii)it is prone to dictatoeship: the system ensures that the opinion of the ruling elite is strictly enforced on the masses

(iii)One one ideology: there is only one ideology and it may not appeal to the generality of the people

(iv)it is undemocratic: the principle of democracy is ignored

(v)Rule of law: the principle of rule of law and the provisions of the constitution may not be respected

Section B*

(i)The Oba.

(iii)The Ogboni.
(i)Control of the King

At the top of the Yoruba political structure was the king, called the Alaafin. He was vested with most of the powers of the state and this included both the political and spiritual powers. There were three assistants who were in charge of the king’s administration.

They were, Ona Efa, the Empires Chief Justice, the Otun Efa, the head of the Sango shrine and the Osi Efa, the controller of the palace finances.

The head of the Council of Chiefs, the Bashorun, had the power to dethrone the king if the people lost confidence in him

(ii)Control of the Aremo
The Aremo was the first son of the king. In the event of the demise of the Alaafin, the Aremo was the one to step into his shoes.

At a point in the history of the Yoruba, it was realized that the Aremo were assassinating their fathers so that they could sit on the throne. It was, therefore, decreed that whenever the king died the Aremo must commit suicide. This was the check the killing of the kings before their natural term.

(iii)Control of the Bashorun

The Bashorun was controlled by the Ogboni which was a gathering of the representatives of the various lineages. The Bashorun was appointed upon the approval of the Ogboni. The king or Alaafin could use the Ogboni to control excesses of the Oyomesi (Council of Prominent Chiefs) headed by the Bashorun

(iv)Control of the army and their Commander

The Army Commander was answerable to the Alaafin and the Bashorun. The army officers were appointed by the Alaafin but their promotions were carried out by the Oyomesi. If the army commander lost a war, he was expected to commit suicide or go into exile

i.The federal system of government introduced by the Constitution seemed to have disregarded an important federal principle, to the effect that “it is undesirable that one or two units should be so powerful as to be able to override the will of the federal government to themselves.

ii. The enormous powers granted to the federal parliament during an emergency meant that any region which exercised its executive authority to obstruct the Federal Government might be sanctioned.

iii. A glance at the distribution of powers between the central government and the regional governments showed that the Federal Government was more powerful than the regional governments.

iv. The Constitution failed to specify the number of ministers to be appointed and, whether or not their appointment should reflect the federal character of Nigeria.
V. The constitution succeeded only in granting political independence to Nigeria but failed to address important political issues such as the minority problem and the political integration of the country.
(i) Military and technical aid: Some former colonial territories especially the French territories, receives military and technical aid from their former colonial masters

(ii)common language: Colonialism promoted the development of common languages among the colonial territories. English was developed and spoken in British territories while French developed in French territories.

(iii)Development of political parties: One of the positive impact of colonialism in British and French West Africa was the development of political parties. Many of these political parties emerged to champion the struggle for political independence.

(iv)Common wealth: This organisation was formed to bring together all former colonies under Britain and Britain itself. They cooperate among themselves in different areas of human endeavour eg sports ,scholarship programme etc.

(v)Emergency of the press: Another positive impact of colonialism was the emergence of the press,especially the print media (Newspaper). The press developed and became the mouthpiece of the people in the struggle for political independence.

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